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Maritime Transportation

One of the ways of international transportation of goods from all over the world is sea freight. It is possible to transport goods with a large volume and high weight at the lowest price, compared to other types of transportation, through ships and sea routes. Sea shipping is slower than air shipping because of the long shipping route. For this reason, shipping by ship is recommended to people who do not have a time limit to receive the goods and also seek to reduce their transportation costs and other current costs.

Iran’s existing maritime transport infrastructure has made an important part of Iran’s trade with neighboring countries

and the world to be carried out by ship. Here, in addition to the simple explanation of shipping cargo, we will discuss the costs, duration and different shipping methods through sea lines.

Types of sea transportation methods
Direct sea shipping method
Types of indirect sea transportation methods
Sea transportation by cross stuffing method
Sea transportation by transshipment method
Sea transportation by chartering method
Combined sea transportation (multimodal)

Direct sea shipping method
In this method, after loading the goods, the goods are directly transported from the source port to the destination port without the need to change the ship or change the container. In this way, the cargo is loaded in the container in question at the port of origin. In this shipping method, the shipping time is shorter than other shipping methods such as indirect shipping.

Carrying by Cross Stuffing method
This shipping method is usually used for ports that cannot send goods directly to Iran. The goods are removed from the container in which they were placed and transferred to another container at the intermediate port.

In this type of indirect sea transportation, the intermediate port is usually Jebel Ali port. Also, this type of shipment is possible to re-issue a bill of lading when the customer requests to change the shipping documents due to the shipping method.

Sea transportation by transshipment method
This shipping method is usually used for ports where it is not possible to ship goods directly from the source port to the destination port. In this type of transportation, the cargo is unloaded in the form of a container from the first ship and loaded on the second ship. In this type of transportation, the container and its cargo are fixed and only the ship is changed.

Combined transportation (multimodal)
Combined transportation is used when it is not possible to transport and transit the goods from the origin to the destination with only one means of transportation. Therefore, in such a situation, the integrated transportation of goods is carried out by different transportation routes, including sea, air, land, or rail, using relevant vehicles such as airplanes, ships, trains, or trucks. One of the advantages of this type of sea transportation is reducing the cost of transportation, increasing the safety of goods, etc. In this type of method, the customer or the owner of the goods has concluded a contract with a transport company or a forwarder, which reduces the responsibility of the customer and the owner of the goods.

Sea transportation by chartering method
This method of transportation is used for goods that do not have a package and are transported in bulk or in bulk.

Goods such as: sugar, wheat, rebar, etc. These types of goods are called Bulk Dry.

In this method, cargo is transported through ships with high loading capacity. Usually, the owner of the goods or his representative (a person or a company that uses his commercial card to transport goods from China), request ship rental and ship charter information for people who are active in the field of ship rental or ship time charter. he sends. Ship owners, after checking the detailed information of the cargo and the berth of origin and destination, a contract under the title Fixture Note is concluded between the parties.

Combined container shipping
Sea shipping price inquiry
As you know, one of the most popular methods of transporting goods in international trade is sea freight. Because the cost of this transportation method is more affordable than other transportation methods (air and ground). However, the shipping cost is affected by various factors. To inquire about the sea freight price, factors such as:

Dock in the country of origin of loading
Wharf in the destination country
Weight and volume of goods
exchange rate
fuel price
The term of transportation and the amount of traffic on the route
And… should be considered.

In the following, we will discuss more details about this type of transportation.

The distance and duration of cargo transportation from China to Iran
The approximate shipping time from China takes at least 25 days on average. Therefore, using this method to transport bulky and heavy cargoes is cost-effective, and for lighter cargoes, it is better to use air transportation services from China.

The approximate duration of sea transportation from China to Iran takes an average of at least 25 days and a maximum of 35 days from the time the loaded ship departs in China to the destination. Therefore, using this method to transport bulky and heavy cargoes is cost-effective, and for lighter cargoes, it is better to use air transportation services from China.
Of course, we must mention the three steps that must be completed successfully for the cargo to arrive at your destination. These are the three steps that may increase or decrease the shipping time. The three stages of sea freight are as follows:

  • Pre-loading process
  • Loading and the duration of the sea route from the arrival to the destination
  • Unloading and starting the clearance operation
    The average distance between the ports of China and the southern ports of Iran is between 9,000 and 10,000 km, which, if we consider the average speed of ocean-going ships of 14 knots, it will take between 18 and 25 days for the ship to reach Iran from China. With these interpretations, shipping cargo from China to Iran is a good option in ideal conditions.

Shipping lines from China to Iran
Marine transportation in Iran is carried out by connecting to open waters from various destinations. Iranian companies, traders and merchants mainly tend to send their goods from Chinese ports to Bandar Abbas or Bandar Shahid Rajaei by ship and sea transportation. Because from an economic point of view, this method is the cheapest way to transport goods from China. For this purpose, it is possible to use the services of container transportation from China to Iran, small cargo transportation, as well as bulk cargo transportation by the shipping lines of the Islamic Republic of Iran (IRISL), China Shipping (COSCO), South Korea Shipping (HMM), shipping Taiwan (Ever Green), Hong Kong Shipping (OOCL) and… used the following ports to Bandar Abbas (Shahid Rajaei Customs) in service.

Shipping by sea from Shanghai to Shanghai
Sea freight from Tianjin to Tianjin
Sea freight from Dalian Dalian
Shipping by sea from Qingdao
Shipping by sea from Nanjing to Nanjing
Sea freight from Xiamen Xiamen
Shipping by sea from Shenzhen
Sea freight from Foshan
Shipping by sea from Guangzhou to Guangzhou
Sea shipping from Hong Kong

Shipping from Dubai to Iran
Sea freight from Dubai to Iran is cost-effective for a large volume of goods (which can be more than 1,500 kg), thus reducing the cost of shipping for high tonnages. Therefore, a large number of merchants and traders who intend to import in large volume and size, use Dubai sea transportation to Iran to transport their goods.

Sanctioned cargoes are transported through Dubai by air and sea. Now the question arises that in what case should the cargo be sent by sea and in what case should it be sent by air cargo from Dubai to Iran?

The large volume of imports from Dubai by air shows the willingness of businessmen to ship by air from Dubai compared to shipping by sea from this country.

The most economical way to ship electronic goods by sea
First, we will say a little about the types of sea and air transportation methods and then the points related to these two methods. In this way, you can choose the most economical and cost-effective way to transport your electronic goods such as mobile phones, CCTV cameras and other equipment.

Each product has its own conditions for sea and air transportation depending on the type, volume, size and packaging method. For example, goods such as: wheat, flour, sugar, cotton, grains, mineral salts, cement, etc. enter the ship in bulk without any packaging, and this affects the way they are sent. Usually, for this category of products, due to the two characteristics of high volume and lack of packaging, sea transportation of goods is done by renting or chartering a ship. In transporting cargo by ship, some goods such as meat, special facilities such as refrigerated containers are used so that they do not spoil.

Regardless of the type of product and its volume, sometimes the shipping methods are different depending on the origin and destination. For example, it is not possible to send goods directly to Iranian ports from some ports in the world. For this reason, some containers are cross-stuffed in another port. Usually, this is done for goods imported to Iran at Jabal Ali port in Dubai. The solution of unloading and reloading or so-called transshipment is also related to the import of goods from some ports where it is not possible to directly transport goods by sea.

Calculate the cost of sea freight
Shipping cost depends on various factors. The origin of loading has a significant impact on freight rates. This issue may not be directly related to the distance between the origin and the destination. In some ports, the loading price may be lower or higher due to the infrastructure and volume of transportation. After that, it is the turn of the destination of the goods. Here, too, there may be a difference in the rate, which is most likely related to distance. Of course, for example, it may be cheaper from China to Dubai than from China to Bandar Abbas! These are the points you should keep in mind.

In addition to these, the volume of your cargo and the type of container also affect the cost of transporting cargo by ship. Usually, loads are sent as FCL and LCL. The type of container also affects the shipping rate. Containers are divided into several categories according to their size and type.

Container volume: 10 feet, 20 feet, 40 feet, and 40 foot “cubes” are some of the standard container dimensions.
Container type: In addition to dry goods container and refrigerated container, other types of open-sided, open-sided, insulated, ventilated, thermal, tanked, etc. can also be used.
According to the above explanations, you must have been aware that the rate and fare of shipping cargo by ship is not something that can be discovered with a simple search on Google. To inquire about sea shipping rates and prices, it is better to contact experts in this field. You can benefit from the free consultation of us and inquire about the cost of transporting goods by ship to Iran.

Sea shipping from Türkiye and Europe to Iran
There are many important ports throughout Europe. Both in the North Sea and the Atlantic Ocean and in the Mediterranean Sea. Each of these ports can be an origin or an export destination for Iranians. Türkiye is also more important for Iranians. Türkiye’s ports are of great importance in the four seas around it.

Black Sea: Ports of Hopa, Samsun, Trabzon and Zongoldak
Mediterranean Sea: Iskenderun, Antalya and Mersin
Sea of Marmara and Aegean: Izmir, Istanbul, Izmit and Jamlik
It is said that the Turkish navy consists of more than half a million ships, which is possible with about seven thousand kilometers of water border. Goods are transported from different regions of Europe and Turkey in cooperation with international shipping companies. You can contact our consultants for more information.

Groupage in sea transportation
In sea transportation of goods, there is another way to transport goods of merchants in a shared manner. If the cargo container is not in your sole possession, and your cargo and others are transported jointly in the same container, it is referred to as groupage transportation.

Groupage transportation for goods such as mobile phones, CCTV cameras, and other electronic equipment, which are usually less than the space of a container, is economical and cost-effective, and lowers transportation costs due to fragmentation.